query  data
a pythonic query language
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R(ST@1) S(A@1)
Loan Received (Non-Exempt) 323500.0
Loan Payment (Non-Exempt) 3500.0
Cash Expenditure 2020267.41
Cash Contribution 1910320.83
Miscellaneous Other Receipt 5206.01
Personal Expenditure for Reimbursement 23458.34
Loan Forgiven (Non-Exempt) 270000.0
Refunds and Rebates 6437.53
In-Kind Contribution 127514.29
Lost or Returned Check 5380.83
Account Payable 150663.83
Return or Refund of Contribution 8600.0
Miscellaneous Other Disbursement 5000.0
Items Sold at Fair Market Value 1586.0

AggregateAmount, Amount, City, ContributorPayee, County, Date, FiledByName, Filer, OriginalId, PurposeCodes, State, SubType, TransactionId, Zip

The PyQL query format is: fields @ conditions.
  fields is a field or a comma delimited list of fields.
 conditions is a condition or an and delimited list of conditions.

Both fields and conditions are made up of terms.
A term is a valid Python expression in a name space made up of: database parameters; any imported python modules; PyQL Aggregators such as Average (A), Sum (S), and Replace (R); and other domain specific terms.

About the Oregon Campaign Finance DatabaseSample Queries
The Oregon Campaign Finance Database originates with the Oregon Secretary of State website at: https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/gotoPublicTransactionSearch.do. The raw data files are avaiable throught the data link in the upper left.

The original data headers were mapped into CamelCase PyQL parameters. This allows easy access by just the capital letters or the first few letters of a parameter. For example, to see the Date, Filer, ContributorPayee, and Amount for Ted Wheeler's transactions use the PyQL:
D,F,CP,A@'Ted Wheeler' in F
Note that I can't use single letter short cuts for ContributorPayee since 'C' matches more than one parameter.

All of the transaction amounts are given as posititve numbers. Use the parameter SubType to help tease out the various machinations. For example, to see the total amount of transactions for each of Ted Wheeler's reported SubTypes, use the PyQL:
R(ST),S(A)@'Ted Wheeler' in F and ST

To start exploring a database, the PyQL Syntax S(1),R(Parameter)@Parameter is often handy. Let's start here by looking at the break down of transactions by SubType with the PyQL:
Sorting on the first column by clicking on that header, shows that Cash Constibutions is the most popular way to get money into the system.

Similarly, to see the total amount of transactions breaken down by state, use the PyQL:

To make a scatter plot of total Amount vs Zip for Zip codes in Oregon, use the PyQL:
R(Z),S(A),R((Z,S(A)))@Z and 97000<Z<97921
Note how the optional third parameter to the scatter plot gives MouseOver readouts of the Zip and total Amount from that Zip.

To plot rather the number of transactions for each Zip, use the PyQL:
R(Z),S(1),R((Z,S(1)))@Z and 97000<Z<97921

To plot cumulative transaction Amounts for Ted Wheeler and Jules Baily, use the PyQL:
D,1*S(A)@('Jules' in F or 'Ted Wheeler' in F) and F
Note how the implicit grouping by Filer in the second conditional causes these to be color coded.

To see transactions for Kate Brown and Bud Pierce, use the PyQL:
D,1/1000000*S(A) as 'Millions in Transactions'@F and ('Kate Brown' in F or 'Bud Pierce' in F) and ('Contribution' in ST,)?legend_show=1&columns=1
Note how I:
  changed units by dividing the Amount by a million;
  labeled the y-axis using the PyQL 'as' keyword;
  moved the implicit group by of Filer to the first condition so as to generate a separate scatter plot for each candidate.
  and used an explicit group by in the second condition to color by whether the transaction was a contribution.